KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF
INDEPENDENCE.
PEACE AND CONSTRUCTION

     KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE.                         PEACE AND CONSTRUCTION.                             BUCHAREST INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC                                          CONFERENCE                                                                -15 NOVEMBER 2011-

   KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE.                         PEACE AND CONSTRUCTION.                             BUCHAREST INTERNATIONAL ACADEMIC                                          CONFERENCE                                                                -15 NOVEMBER 2011- 

 

                                                                           

Diplomatic Mission of Republic of Kazakhstan    Institute of International Relations                                                                                      and   Economic Cooperation

 

 Program of the International Academic Conference

KAZAKHSTAN: 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE

PEACE AND CONSTRUCTION

                                                         

  

10:30 – 11:00 – Receiving the participant`s at Conference. Welcoming Committee

             11:00 – Beginning of the Conference

Welcoming speech by Professor Dr. Viorel Lefter – Vice-Rector of Romanian Economic Studies Academy ( ASE )  

Opening speech by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation: KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE. A MODEL OF STATE BUILDING       

Opening speech by H.E. Kairat Aman , Chief of Diplomatic Mission of Republic of Kazakhstan in Romania : KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE. PEACE AND CONSTRUCTION .

Key-note speech of H.E. Emil Constantinescu , President of Romania ( 1996 – 2000 )  on KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE.  A DEMOCRATIC CONSTRUCTION  

Key note speech of H.E. Ion Iliescu , President of Romania ( 1990-1996; 2000-2004 ) on KAZAKHSTAN IN THE FRAMEWORK OF THE WORLD ECONOMY GLOBALIZATION

Key-note speech of Mr. Catalin Ioan Nechifor , member of Romanian Parliament ,vice-president of Romanian-Kazakhstan Parliamentary Friendship Group on: KAZAKHSTAN – ROMANIA : A STRATEGIC PARTNERSHIP    

Key-note speech of professor dr. Mircea Constantinescu ( Director of European Diplomatic Academy ) on: KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE. 20 YEARS OF PROGRESS. 20 YEARS OF COOPERATION WITH EUROPEAN UNION  

Closing ceremony. Thanking speech by Professor Anton Caragea and H.E. Kairat Aman .

 

 

WITH SUPPORT OF ROMANIAN ECONOMIC STUDIES ACADEMY ( ASE )

 

     KAZAKHSTAN 20 DE ANI DE INDEPENDENTA                              PACE SI CONSTRUCTIE                                          CONFERINTA DE LA BUCURESTI                                              -15 NOIEMBRIE 2011-

 

          KAZAKHSTAN 20 DE ANI DE INDEPENDENTA                             PACE SI CONSTRUCTIE                                           CONFERINTA DE LA BUCURESTI                     -15 NOIEMBRIE 2011-     

                                                

                                                               

 Misiunea Diplomatica a Republicii Kazahstan              Institutul de Relatii Internationale si                                                                                            Cooperare Economica

 

Programul conferintei academice internationale

KAZAHSTAN 20 DE ANI DE INDEPENDENTA .

PACE SI CONSTRUCTIE

 

10:30-11:00 - Primirea participantilor la Conferinta. Comitet de intampinare.

           11:00 – Inceperea lucrarilor conferintei

Cuvant de primire a participantilor la conferinta de Prof.dr. Viorel Lefter , Vice-Rector al Academiei de Stiinte Economice din Romania . 

Cuvant de deschidere a lucrarilor , Prof.Dr. Anton Caragea , directorul Institutului de Relatii Internationale si Cooperare Economica : KAZAHSTAN 20 de ANI DE INDEPENDENTA. UN MODEL DE CONSTRUCTIE STATALA .

Cuvant de deschidere adresat de Excelenta Sa Yerzhan Kazykhanov , Ministrul Afacerilor Externe al Kazahstanului prezentat de Kairat Aman , Seful Misiunii Diplomatice a Republicii Kazahstan in Romania : KAZAHSTAN 20 de ANI DE INDEPENDENTA. PACE SI CONSTRUCTIE .

Discurs principal al Excelentei Sale Emil Constantinescu ,  Presedinte al Romaniei ( 1996-2000 ) :  KAZAHSTAN 20 de ANI DE INDEPENDENTA . 20 DE ANI DE CONSTRUCTIE  

Discurs principal al Excelentei Sale Ion Iliescu , Presedinte al Romaniei ( 1990-1996 ; 2000-2004 ) : KAZAHSTAN-UL IN CONTEXTUL GLOBALIZARII ECONOMIEI MONDIALE

Discurs principal al dl. Ioan Catalin Nechifor prezinta SALUTUL PARLAMENTULUI ROMANIEI , deputat, vice-presedinte al grupului Parlamentar de Prietenie Romania- Kazahstan asupra : KAZAHSTAN –ROMANIA: UN PARTENERIAT STRATEGIC.

Discurs al prof.dr. Mircea Constantinescu – Director Academia Diplomatica Europeana : KAZAHSTAN 20 DE ANI DE INDEPENDENTA . 20 DE ANI DE PROGRES . 20 DE ANI DE COOPERARE CU UNIUNEA EUROPEANA .

Ceremonia de inchidere a lucrarilor conferintei.

Discursurile de multumire adresate de prof.dr. Anton Caragea si Excelenta Sa Kairat Aman.

  CU SPRIJINUL ACADEMIEI DE STIINTE ECONOMICE ( ASE )   

 

KAZAKHSTAN - 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDACE. 
20 YEARS OF PROGRESS

Prof. Mircea Constantinescu PhD

Director of the European Diplomatic Academy

 

 

KAZAKHSTAN - 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDACE.
20 YEARS OF PROGRESS

Between O.S.C.E and O.I.C.

 

In February 2010, the European Diplomatic Academy organized the conference ”Kazakhstan – The Chairmanship of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe”, conference honoured by the presence and participation of their Excellencies, president Ion Iliescu and president Emil Constantinescu.

This conference underlined (marked) an important step of the evolution of friendship and collaboration relationship between Romania and Kazakhstan. It was also a Romania’s token of appreciation, trust and support for Kazakhstan in its new quality of chairmanship of O.S.C.E.

 

At the same time, only a few mass media paid attention to a piece of information of the same importance, an event meant to have great impact on the diplomatic activity, as well as onto the multilateral cooperation among the nations of Central Asia and the entire international community.

 

In June 2011, Kazakhstan assumed the prestigious presidency of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), the largest intergovernmental, international, regional organization, representing 57 countries, totalling over 1.4 billion Muslim people. The Conference is second in size only to United Nations Organization.

 

This Organization strives for Islamic solidarity in economics, politics and social circumstances, as well as for resistance to colonialism, neo-colonialism and racism.

 

The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) has a major potential as international mediator, acting toward the prevention of internal conflicts or the conflicts between member nations. It is also acting for enforcing the trust between the member states as well as the cooperation in all areas of activity.

 

After almost two decades of active participation (since 1995) to the projects of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), Kazakhstan succeeded in having a close collaboration with all the institutions of the Conference, clearly expressing the wish and will to actively contribute to the political, economic, cultural and humanitarian processes of the Islamic world.

 

In this context, Kazakhstan plays a strategic role in the development of a multilateral cooperation with the Islamic countries, due to its statute as a

Secular state and being at the same time part of the world’s Muslim community (Ummah).

 

The expertise of Kazakhstan as a chairman of O.S.C.E., an expertise that will continue to be used at the highest level, due to the Kazakhstan’s quality of former chairmanship, is of great importance. It will in the benefit of both organizations.

 

In fact, Kazakhstan already advanced at least two important and constructive project proposals to the OIC. One is proposing a long-term programme for economic and financial assistance by the Organization to the least developed countries of the Islamic word. The other underlines the need of the OIC countries to develop a common position in response to the so-called international terrorism disguised as “Islamism”, on one hand, and the growing anti-Islamic sentiment in the word, on the other.

 

As an example of vision and opening to the Islamic world, as well as to the international community, in February 2009, through the assistance of experts form the Islamic Development Bank, Kazakhstan adopted a Law on the Islamic financing and the Islamic banking system, allowing to introduce a new form of financial and banking services based on Islamic principles.

 

Finally, we can only hearty and once again congratulate Kazakhstan and the Kazakh people on the anniversary of 20 years if independence, for the great achievements in all areas of activity, to congratulate them for the important and active role as chairman of O.S.C.E., wishing at the same time a successful activity in the framework of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.

KAZAKHSTAN : A MODEL OF STATE BUILDING

20 YEARS OF FULFILLED PROMISES BY PROFESSOR DR. ANTON CARAGEA

KAZAKHSTAN : A MODEL OF STATE BUILDING

20 YEARS OF FULFILLED PROMISES BY PROFESSOR DR. ANTON CARAGEA

 

 

 

When on 16 December 1991, President Nursultan Nazarbaev had proclaimed the Law on State Independence of Republic of Kazakhstan,   few could suspect that a road of 20 years of successes on national building was opened.

The beginning`s where difficult. The economic establishment of Soviet Union was build on interdependence principle , accordingly to it, no country members of Soviet Union could host on his territory the industrial and economic factories necessary for an independent life.

Despite being confronted with such insurmountable difficulties, the national building had started rapidly , Kazakhstan had commence building economic relations with former Soviet Union states and also had open his economy to foreign investments and economic cooperation with all the countries in the world.

Introducing in exploitation new oil and gas fields and exporting energy products towards other areas as Caucasus, Caspian Sea and by Black Sea towards Europe had transformed in only a few years, Kazakhstan in the main energy supplier for emerging Asian economy and for European economies.

Today, 20 years after, Kazakhstan is part of all important world and European energetic projects and the dram of President Nursultan Nazarbaev was fulfilled.

New oil and gas pipelines are heading towards China insuring that asian giant thirst for energy for his developing economy will be meet.

The Russian foster project of South Stream, of supplying gas to EU market by sidelines could not exist without Kazakh gas, and the rival EU project, Nabucco, could not come to life without the import of gas from Kazakhstan.

Today all new economic projects and world economy development are based on all the projection on row materials and energy resources from Kazakhstan.

A long way for a country that international experts were doubtful in 1991 that will ever insure at least its own internal energy needs.

In 1991 Kazakhstan had being confronted with security problems, threatening proximity of Afghanistan engulf in the flames of civil war and inter-ethnic conflicts that where ravaging the newly independent countries of Central Asia.

Kazakhstan had found the way of equilibrium to insure his independence and integrity by international cooperation, becoming rapid a full member of United Nations, of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Organization of Islamic Conference and Organization for Cooperation of Shanghai.

Soon Kazakhstan had proved his ability to carve a new kind of policy: had taken the courageous decision to disband the nuclear arsenal left over after former Soviet Union collapse and to relinquish the fabrication and stockpile of nuclear weapons and closing down the nuclear test site of Semipalatinsk.

The bold decision of Kazakhstan was confirmed by international community and the new state had obtained a declaration for recognition of independence and territorial integrity from United States, Russian and China under United Nations supervision.

Today, 20 years after, Kazakhstan is insuring his own frontier security, with Kazakh security forces and is involved in training other Central Asian countries armed forces and is insuring the command and control of efficient anti-crime and anti-drug trafficking mission in the region.

More than this in 2010 Kazakhstan had held OSCE-Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe-Presidency, with a clear and strong mandate that succeeded in gathering in Astana, for the first time in the last 11 years, all the OSCE leaders around the table to discuss building a new and more efficient organization.

In June 2011 Kazakhstan had took over and the Presidency of Organization for Islamic Conference (OIC), with a new mandate based on reforming and reconstructing   OIC. These astonishing international successes could not be possible without the economic power of Kazakhstan, but also without the support of an active and strong civil society build in the latest 20 years of independence.

Building a new national identity , after 1997 , Kazakhstan had begin building a new capital city , Astana , in a region in the center of the country that could let the most ambitious dreams to be revealed and transformed in reality.

The new city was not shy in ambitious dreams: Astana was counting in the moment of his inauguration 100.000 inhabitants, ten years later the number of inhabitants was 500.000 and is appreciated that in the next decade this number will surpass 1.000.000 inhabitants.

Today Astana is proud to have 4 lines streets , administrative palaces that could host by themselves an entire city and museums that are surprising the world such as : Presidential center for Culture , Modern Art Museum and Atemenken , a reconstruction of all Kazakhstan and his great city on a scale 1: 10. Today Astana is an economic and cultural center that is hosting business deal of worth more than 50 billion dollars each year.

Kazakhstan: where to form here?

Today at 20 years of independence Kazakhstan had already have a rich history that could make him proud , has a glorious past to give him identity and ambitious plans for a  future that will offer to Kazakh people the pride of living in a country developed , prosperous and stable.

Kazakh people had known to build until now a model country, and there future is depending only on them.

Let’s wish them good fortune.

KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE KAZAHSTAN - 20 DE ANI DE INDEPENDENTA

 

 PROFESSOR DR. MIRCEA CONSTANTINESCU - DIRECTOR OF EUROPEAN DIPLOMATIC ACADEMY - EUROPEAN COUNCIL ON INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS PRESENTS HIS REPORT TO KAZAKHSTAN CONFERENCE

 

 

Prof. Mircea Constantinescu PhD

Director of the European Diplomatic Academy

European Council on International Relations

 

 

KAZAKHSTAN - 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDACE.

20 YEARS OF PROGRESS

 

Between O.S.C.E and O.I.C.

 

 


In February 2010, the European Diplomatic Academy of European Council on International Relations , organized the conference ”Kazakhstan – The Chairmanship of the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe”, conference honoured by the presence and participation of their Excellencies, president Ion Iliescu and president Emil Constantinescu.

This conference underlined (marked) an important step of the evolution of friendship and collaboration relationship between Romania and Kazakhstan. It was also a Romania’s token of appreciation, trust and support for Kazakhstan in its new quality of chairmanship of O.S.C.E.

 

Professor Dr. Mircea Constantinescu- European Council on International Relations - European Diplomatic Academy Director.

 

 

 

At the same time, only a few mass media paid attention to a piece of information of the same importance, an event meant to have great impact on the diplomatic activity, as well as onto the multilateral cooperation among the nations of Central Asia and the entire international community.

 

In June 2011, Kazakhstan assumed the prestigious presidency of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), the largest intergovernmental, international, regional organization, representing 57 countries, totalling over 1.4 billion Muslim people. The Conference is second in size only to United Nations Organization.

 

This Organization strives for Islamic solidarity in economics, politics and social circumstances, as well as for resistance to colonialism, neo-colonialism and racism.

 

The Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC) has a major potential as international mediator, acting toward the prevention of internal conflicts or the conflicts between member nations. It is also acting for enforcing the trust between the member states as well as the cooperation in all areas of activity.

 

After almost two decades of active participation (since 1995) to the projects of the Organization of the Islamic Conference (OIC), Kazakhstan succeeded in having a close collaboration with all the institutions of the Conference, clearly expressing the wish and will to actively contribute to the political, economic, cultural and humanitarian processes of the Islamic world.

 

In this context, Kazakhstan plays a strategic role in the development of a multilateral cooperation with the Islamic countries, due to its statute as a

Secular state and being at the same time part of the world’s Muslim community (Ummah).

 

Professor Dr. Mircea Constantinescu ( EUCIR ) Director of European Diplomatic Academy and European Council on International Relations members at the end of KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE CONFERENCE.

 

 

 

The expertise of Kazakhstan as a chairman of O.S.C.E., an expertise that will continue to be used at the highest level, due to the Kazakhstan’s quality of former chairmanship, is of great importance. It will in the benefit of both organizations.

 

In fact, Kazakhstan already advanced at least two important and constructive project proposals to the OIC. One is proposing a long-term programme for economic and financial assistance by the Organization to the least developed countries of the Islamic word. The other underlines the need of the OIC countries to develop a common position in response to the so-called international terrorism disguised as “Islamism”, on one hand, and the growing anti-Islamic sentiment in the word, on the other.

 

As an example of vision and opening to the Islamic world, as well as to the international community, in February 2009, through the assistance of experts form the Islamic Development Bank, Kazakhstan adopted a Law on the Islamic financing and the Islamic banking system, allowing to introduce a new form of financial and banking services based on Islamic principles.

 

Finally, we can only hearty and once again congratulate Kazakhstan and the Kazakh people on the anniversary of 20 years if independence, for the great achievements in all areas of activity, to congratulate them for the important and active role as chairman of O.S.C.E., wishing at the same time a successful activity in the framework of the Organization of the Islamic Conference.

 


 

PROFESSOR DR. ANTON CARAGEA CO-PRESIDENT OF KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE CONFERENCE DECLARES KAZAKHSTAN : A MODEL OF NATION BUILDING


When on 16 December 1991, President Nursultan Nazarbaev had proclaimed the Law on State Independence of Republic of Kazakhstan, few could suspect that a road of 20 years of successes on national building was opened.

The beginning`s where difficult. The economic establishment of Soviet Union was build on interdependence principle , accordingly to it, no country members of Soviet Union could host on his territory the industrial and economic factories necessary for an independent life.

 

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea presenting his key note speech:Kazakhstan: a model of state building. 20 years of fulfilled promises

 

 

Despite being confronted with such insurmountable difficulties, the national building had started rapidly , Kazakhstan had commence building economic relations with former Soviet Union states and also had open his economy to foreign investments and economic cooperation with all the countries in the world.

Introducing in exploitation new oil and gas fields and exporting energy products towards other areas as Caucasus, Caspian Sea and by Black Sea towards Europe had transformed in only a few years, Kazakhstan in the main energy supplier for emerging Asian economy and for European economies.

Today, 20 years after, Kazakhstan is part of all important world and European energetic projects and the dram of President Nursultan Nazarbaev was fulfilled.

New oil and gas pipelines are heading towards China insuring that asian giant thirst for energy for his developing economy will be meet.

 

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea presiding over EUROPEAN DIPLOMATIC ACADEMY public meeting.

 

The Russian foster project of South Stream, of supplying gas to EU market by sidelines could not exist without Kazakh gas, and the rival EU project, Nabucco, could not come to life without the import of gas from Kazakhstan.

Today all new economic projects and world economy development are based on all the projection on row materials and energy resources from Kazakhstan.

A long way for a country that international experts were doubtful in 1991 that will ever insure at least its own internal energy needs.

In 1991 Kazakhstan had being confronted with security problems, threatening proximity of Afghanistan engulf in the flames of civil war and inter-ethnic conflicts that where ravaging the newly independent countries of Central Asia.

Kazakhstan had found the way of equilibrium to insure his independence and integrity by international cooperation, becoming rapid a full member of United Nations, of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Organization of Islamic Conference and Organization for Cooperation of Shanghai.

 

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea heading the Diplomatic Corp discussion in preparing KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE CONFERENCE.

 

 

Soon Kazakhstan had proved his ability to carve a new kind of policy: had taken the courageous decision to disband the nuclear arsenal left over after former Soviet Union collapse and to relinquish the fabrication and stockpile of nuclear weapons and closing down the nuclear test site of Semipalatinsk.

The bold decision of Kazakhstan was confirmed by international community and the new state had obtained a declaration for recognition of independence and territorial integrity from United States, Russian and China under United Nations supervision.

Today, 20 years after, Kazakhstan is insuring his own frontier security, with Kazakh security forces and is involved in training other Central Asian countries armed forces and is insuring the command and control of efficient anti-crime and anti-drug trafficking mission in the region.

More than this in 2010 Kazakhstan had held OSCE-Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe-Presidency, with a clear and strong mandate that succeeded in gathering in Astana, for the first time in the last 11 years, all the OSCE leaders around the table to discuss building a new and more efficient organization.

In June 2011 Kazakhstan had took over and the Presidency of Organization for Islamic Conference (OIC), with a new mandate based on reforming and reconstructing OIC. These astonishing international successes could not be possible without the economic power of Kazakhstan, but also without the support of an active and strong civil society build in the latest 20 years of independence.

Building a new national identity , after 1997 , Kazakhstan had begin building a new capital city , Astana , in a region in the center of the country that could let the most ambitious dreams to be revealed and transformed in reality.

The new city was not shy in ambitious dreams: Astana was counting in the moment of his inauguration 100.000 inhabitants, ten years later the number of inhabitants was 500.000 and is appreciated that in the next decade this number will surpass 1.000.000 inhabitants.

Today Astana is proud to have 4 lines streets , administrative palaces that could host by themselves an entire city and museums that are surprising the world such as : Presidential center for Culture , Modern Art Museum and Atemenken , a reconstruction of all Kazakhstan and his great city on a scale 1: 10. Today Astana is an economic and cultural center that is hosting business deal of worth more than 50 billion dollars each year.

Kazakhstan: where to form here?

Today at 20 years of independence Kazakhstan had already have a rich history that could make him proud , has a glorious past to give him identity and ambitious plans for a future that will offer to Kazakh people the pride of living in a country developed , prosperous and stable.

Kazakh people had known to build until now a model country, and there future is depending only on them.

Let’s wish them good fortune.

 

DIRECTOR PROF DR. ANTON CARAGEA apreciaza : KAZAHSTANUL E UN MODEL DE CONSTRUCTIE STATALA

 

Când, în 16 decembrie 1991, Preşedintele Nursultan Nazarbaev proclama Legea Independenţei de Stat a Republicii Kazahstan, puţini puteau bănui că începea un drum de 20 de ani de construcţie naţională plină de succese.

Începuturile au fost dificile. Întreaga economie a fostei Uniuni Sovietice era construită prin interdependenţă, adică nicio ţară membră a Uniunii Sovietice nu avea pe teritoriul său toate elementele industriale şi economice necesare unei vieţi independente.

 

Prof.Dr. Anton Caragea, Directorul Institutului de Relatii internationale si Cooperare Economica  prezentand raportul :Kazahstan: Un model de constructie statala .20 de ani de promisiuni îndeplinite.

 

 

 

În ciuda acestor dificultăţi construcţia naţională a început rapid, Kazahstanul a început construcţia de relaţii economice cu fostele state sovietice şi totodată s-a deschis rapid spre investiţiile străine şi spre colaborarea economică cu toate ţările lumii.

Introducerea în exploatare a noi zăcăminte de petrol şi gaze şi exportul de produse energetice spre alte zone, precum Caucaz, Marea Caspică şi prin Marea Neagra spre Europa, au transformat, în doar câţiva ani, Kazahstanul în principala sursă de energie a ţărilor emergente dinAsia şi a economiilor europene.

Astăzi , 20 de ani mai târziu, Kazahstanul este parte a tuturor marilor proiecte energetice europene şi mondiale, visul presedintelui Nursultan Nazarbaev s-a indeplinit.

Noi conducte de gaze şi petrol se îndreaptă spre China, asigurând gigantul asiatic că economia sa veşnic flămândă de energie va găsi materialele necesare dezvoltării sale viitoare.

 

Profesor Dr. Anton Caragea prezidand sedinta Academiei Diplomatice Europene.

 

Proiectul rusesc South Stream, de aprovizionare cu gaz ,pe rute alternative a Europei, nu poate exista fără gazul kazah, iar proiectul rival european , Nabucco , nu poate la rândul să ia fiinţă fără importul de gaz kazah.

Toate noile proiecte economice şi dezvoltarea mondială este bazată în toate proiecţiile pe materiile prime şi sursa de energie kazahă.

Un drum lung de la o ţară despre care experţii internaţionali spuneau, în 1991, că nu îşi poate asigura nici necesarul intern de energie.

În 1991, Kazahstanul avea mari probleme de securitate, vecinătatea amenintatoare cu Afganistanul zguduit de un puternic război civil, si conflicte inter-etnice ce zguduiau vecinii sai, ţările noi, independente, ale Asiei Centrale .

 

Preagatind Conferinta Academica Internationala: Kazahstan 20 de ani de independenta; prof.dr.Anton Caragea si corpul diplomatic acreditat la Bucuresti.

 

 

Kazahstanul a ştiut să îşi asigure independenţa şi integritatea prin colaborarea internaţională , devenind rapid membru cu drepturi depline al Naţiunilor Unite , al Organizaţiei pentru Securitate şi Cooperare în Europa , Organizaţiei pentru Conferinţa Islamică şi a Organizaţiei de Cooperare de la Shanghai .

Curând Kazahstanul a demonstrat că ştie să facă un altfel de tip de politică decât celelalte state: a luat decizia curajoasă de a demantela arsenalul nuclear al Uniunii Sovietice de pe teritoriul său şi de a renunţa la fabricarea şi depozitarea de arme nucleare , închizând enormul poligon nulcear de la Semipalatinsk.

Decizia curajoasă a Kazahstanului a fost salutată de întreaga comunitate internaţională, iar noul stat a obţinut o declaraţie de recunoaştere a independenţei şi integrităţii teritoriale semnată de China, Rusia şi Statele Unite ale Americii sub egida Naţiunilor Unite.

Acum ,după 20 de ani, Kazahstanul îşi asigură integritatea frontierelor cu forţe de securitate kazahe, asigură pregătirea altor forţe armate din regiune şi asigură comanda şi controlul unor misiuni eficiente de combatere a criminalităţii şi a traficului de droguri în regiune. Mai mult în 2010 Kazahstanul a asigurat preşedinţia Organizaţiei pentru Securitate şi Cooperare în Europa, cu un mandat eficient şi robust, care a reuşit să adune la Astana, pentru prima dată după 11 ani, toţi liderii OSCE în jurul unui plan de constituire a unei organizaţii noi moderne şi eficiente.

În iunie 2011 Kazahstanul a preluat şi preşedinţia Organizaţiei Conferinţei Islamice, cu un nou mandat bazat pe eficienţă şi reconstrucţie. Aceste succese internaţionale nu ar fi fost posibile fără puterea economică a Kazahstanului, dar şi fără suportul unei societăţi civile active şi puternice construite în aceşti 20 de ani de independenţă.

Construindu-şi o nouă identitate naţională, în 1997 Kazahstanul a simţit nevoia de a-şi construi şi o nouă capitală. Ca urmare a fost ales locul noului centru politic şi administrativ: Astana , în centrul ţării şi într-o regiune ce permitea ca cele mai ambiţioase vise să devină realitate. Şi noul oraş nu ducea lipsă de proiecte ambiţioase.

Astana avea în momentul inaugurării 100.000 de locuitori , un deceniu mai târziu numărul crescuse la 500.000 şi se apreciază că oraşul va trece de 1.000.000 de locuitori în următorul deceniu. Astăzi Astana se mândreşte cu artere de circulaţie cu 4 benzi pe sens , cu palate administrative ce pot adăpostii în ele un oraş întreg, cu muzee ce uimesc lumea, precum Centrul Prezidenţial pentru Cultură , Muzeul de Artă Modernă şi Atemenken- o reconstituire a întregii suprafeţe a Kazahstanului şi a marilor sale oraşe, pe o scară de 1:10.Astăzi Astana este un centru economic şi cultural pentru întreaga Asie Centrală, în care se semnează anual afaceri de peste 50 de miliarde de dolari .

 

Kazahstan încotro ?

Acum 20 de ani de la independenţă Kazahstanul are deja o istorie recentă de care să fie mândru, are un trecut glorios care să îi dea identitate şi planuri ambiţioase pentru un viiitor care să ofere kazahilor mândria de a trăi într-o ţară dezvoltată, prosperă şi stabilă.

Kazahi au ştiut să işi construiască până acum această ţară model, viitorul lor nu depinde decât de ei înşişi.

Să le urăm succes.

 

 

 

PRESEDINTELE ROMANIEI EMIL CONSTANTINESCU : KAZAHSTAN 20 DE ANI DE INDEPENDENTA . 20 DE ANI DE DEMOCRATIE

 

Ne-am adunat astazi, in cadrul unui simpozion european intitulat didactic: Kazahstan 20 de ani de Independenta. Pace si Constructie, pentru a analiza destinul unei tari prietene : Kazahstanul si mai ales pentru a trage concluziile care se impun privind evolutia istorica si politica a tarilor Asiei Centrale.

Fara indoiala 20 de ani este o varsta a tineretii la scara istoriei , dar in viata unui om acopera aproape intervalul de creatie si activitate pe care ne place sa il intitulam o generatie .

 

Presedintele Romaniei ( 1996-2000 ) Emil Constantinescu prezentand discursul Discursul Principal : Kazahstan 20 de ani de Independenta.

 

Si cate nu a vazut aceasta generatie ? De la prabusirea lagarului comunist , la aparitia statelor independente pe teritoriul fostei Uniuni Sovietice, pana la fenomenul constructiei unitatii europene, aceste doua decenii au schimbat fata lumii intr-un mod care parea improbabil in anii 1988.

Sa construiesti o tara, institutii puternice, o economie de succes, sa construiesti o noua capitala, sa contribui la siguranta generala abandonand productia de echipament nuclear si sa devii un exportator de securitate intr-o regiune atat de dificila precum Asia Centrala sunt rezultate importante, se poate spune chiar impresionante care ii apropie pe multi europeni de exemplul Kazahstanului.

Care este insa secretul acestor impliniri , acestui program de renovatio social si cultural ?

Multe raspunsuri ar putea fi fezabile: energia oamenilor, dorinta de a reface un traseu istoric exemplar, spiritul ce a insufletit odinioara pe constructorii Drumului Matasii , capacitatea diplomatica, dorinta de mai bine si lista ar putea continua la nesfarsit, dar din aceasta lunga enumerare eu m-as opri la rolul diplomatiei in constructia statala.

Ne-am obisnuit de multe ori in ultimii 20 de ani sa discutam despre nation building, despre ingredientele constructiei statale, in ultimul timp constructia statala a ajuns chiar obiect de studiu in Academiile Militare, deoarece tot mai des armatele , care pe vremuri erau chemate la a distruge statele incep a fi interesate de experimentul constructiei statale.

Si cat de important este succesul unei astfel de cosntructii sau cat de grav de platit pretul esecului, vedem in cazurile Afganistanului , Somaliei sau Irakului.

 

Presedintele Emil Constantinescu la Prezidiul Conferintei Academice Internationale : Kazahstan 20 de ani de Indxependenta. Pace si Constructie.

 

Ei bine astazi cand lumea cauta secretul acestei constructii nationale poate ca exemplul Kazahstanului ar putea sa ne furnizeze cateva linii directoare ale unei constructii nationale stabile si puternice.

As dori sa va impartasesc cateva exemple din aceasta isorie atat de recenta, dar atata de util de studiat a modelului kazah:

- Kazahstanul si-a inceput constructia nationala acum 20 de ani nu punand accentul, asa cum fac alte state, pe investitii in armament sofisticat si in tehnologii militare de ultima generatie ci in actiuni diplomatice de rasunet. Voi enumera doar cateva : demantelarea poligonului de exercitii nucleare de la Semipalatinsk, decizia de a renunta la arme nucleare, intrarea in Organizatia Natiunilor Unite, participarea la lucrarile tuturor agentiilor specializate ale ONU, integrarea in Organizatia pentru Securitate si Cooperare Economica in Europa pentru a da o dimensiune de politica Euro-Asiatica si participarea concomitenta la lucrarile organizatiei de la Shanghai pentru a se conecta la platforma de dezvoltare Asia-Pacific si in final integrarea, conform profilului spiritual national in Organizatia Conferintei Islamice.

 

Membrii Academiei Diplomatice Europene salutand cei 20 de ani de independenta a Kazahstanului .

 

Astazi la 20 de ani de la toate aceste decizii diplomatice, ce au dovedit acuitate si dorinta de integrare la nivel regional, continental si international, putem aprecia rolul stabilizator si creator pe carea aceasta densa activitate diplomatica la avut in constructia Kazahstanului de azi.

 

Integrarea in OSCE a adus Kazahstanului oportunitatea implementarii proiectului constructiei societatii civile, a dimensiunii democratice a constructiei nationale. Kazahstanul la randul sau a imobogatit activitatea OSCE, reusind pentru prima data dupa Summitul de la Istanbul din 1999 sa readuca liderii tarilor membre ale OSCE in Summitul de la Astana din decembrie 2010.

In urma cu aproape doi ani am avut placerea sa rostesc in cadrul Conferintei OSCE 2010. Presedintia Kazaha, desfasurata la Bucuresti, un discurs principal cu tema: Mai este nevoie de OSCE: pentru ce? pentru cine?

Incheiam acolo discursul cu convingerea ca OSCE va putea indeplini un nou rol in lumea secolului XXI : ″Marea contribuţie a OSCE la arhitectura de securitate a Europei şi a lumii va fi, fără îndoială, aceea a războaielor care nu vor fi avut loc datorită creării unor mecanisme democratice şi de dialog, întăririi colaborării cu societatea civilă, diplomaţiei preventive.

Mai este nevoie de OSCE? Da. Pentru ce? Pentru o lume mai sigură. Pentru cine? Pentru toţi″.

Ei bine reuniunea de la Astana a putut sa redea OSCE-ului posibilitatea de a fi o institutie relevanta si nu doar o relicva a anilor de dupa prabusirea sistemului comunist.

Alte exemple ale rolului diplomatiei si efortului constient de rezolvarea a conflictelor prin integrarea in actiuni si initiative internationale pot fi gasite din abundenta in istoria ultimilor 20 de ani ai Kazahstanului.

Kazahstanul a inteles ca securitatea fiecărui stat al lumii trebuie să se adapteze nevoilor constructiei societăţii post moderne.

In lumea de azi, statele nu mai pot fi împărţite în blocuri pentru că reacţiile care apar în funcţie de diferite interese duc la schimbarea alianţelor şi a taberelor opuse pentru diferite teme sau subiecte. Este pe deoparte un reflex al democratizări lumii contemporane, dar şi al pragmatismului guvernelor obligate să răspundă nevoilor propriilor săi cetăţeni.

Kazahstanul a inteles si ca problemele tranziţiei către democraţie, dublate de separatism şi de întârzierea consolidării noilor state independente, crează la rândul lor riscuri directe legate de legitimitatea politică a statelor şi guvernelor şi pun sub semnul întrebării capacitatea de luptă împotriva corupţiei instituţionalizate, dar şi a nucleelor de tip mafiot care alimentează separatismul şi blochează consolidarea noilor state.

O ameninţare asociată cu modelul global al democraţiei este şi populismul. Populismul poate duce la slăbirea puterii şi eficienţei instituţiilor cheie ale democraţiei, independenţei justiţiei, mass media şi armatei. Aceste elemente, combinate cu existenţa conflictelor îngheţate, stârnesc îngrijorare atât pentru tendinţele de fragmentare a noilor state independente, cât şi pentru tranzitul elementelor teroriste către Europa sau pentru menţinerea mentalităţilor retrograde care generează atractivitatea faţă de modelele administrative autoritare.

Intelegand toate acestea Kazahstanul a stiut sa privilegieze deschiderea institutionala , dialogul inter-civilizational si inter-religios pentru a nu cadea in capcana separatismului , confruntarilor religioase si paradigmei conflictelor inter-civilizationale .

Kazahstanul este tara care a stiut impreuna cu Sfantul Scaun, cu Papa Ioan Paul al II-lea sa construiasca institutia dialogului inter-religios prin conferinta Mondiala a Religiilor tinuta odata la fiecare trei ani in Astana reunind peste 19 religii institutionalizate.

Acelasi Kazahstan este astazi Presedintele Organizatiei Conferintei Islamice punand in prim planul agendei din nou dialogul inter-religios in cadrul lumii islamice si in relatiile cu alte religii si sa creeze un mecanism de dialog cultural si civilizational bazat pe valorile de pace si creatie ale islamului.

Sunt acestea doar cateva din realizarile a douazeci de ani de istorie, este mult, este putin, nu este caderea mea de a judeca la acest ceas de bilatn , prin insasi natura lui efemer si supus modificarilor.

In opera sa atat de profunda, Micul Print, Antoine de Saint Exupery explica cu inteligenta si umor ca "What makes the desert beautiful," says the little prince, "is that somewhere it hides a well." ( ceea ce face desertul sa fie frumos este ca ascunde undeva inlauntrul lui o fantana )

Ceea ce face analiza noastra dedicata celor 20 de ani de independenta si constructie a Kazahstanului interesanta este ca undeva deja urmatorii 20 de ani de noi succese si creatii incep a se plamadi in gandurile si sufletele celor ce traiesc astazi in Kazahstan.

Va multumesc !

 

 

DEPUTAT CATALIN NECHIFOR :Kazahstan: 20 de ani de relatii de colaborare cu Romania. Un pod intre Europa si Asia


Dupa 20 de ani de la proclamarea independentei, Kazahstanul devine unul dintre actorii principali in relatiile economice si politice dintre Europa si Asia. Cu o populatie de peste 16 milioane de locuitori, Kazahstanul este cea de a noua tara din lume ca suprafata si face legatura terestra dintre batranul continent si zona asiatica.

Drumul independentei si trecerii catre o societate democratica si economie functionala de piata este legat de numele presedintelui Nursultan Nazarbayev, cel care a produs o serie importanta de schimbari structurale, de la organizarea alegerilor democratice, stabilirea si construirea unei noi capitale, pana la instalarea unui ritm de crestere economica semnificativ, chiar si in perioada crizei financiare globale.

 

Deputatul Catalin Nechifor prezentand discursul principal : Kazahstan-punte intre Asia si Europa. 

 

In privinta relatiilor diplomatice dintre tarile noastre, Romania a recunoscut independenta de stat a Republicii Kazahstan la o zi distanta dupa proclamarea acesteia, relatiile diplomatice bilaterale fiind stabilite in data de 15 august 1992. Relatiile economice au cunoscut o dinamica buna, unul dintre momentele cheie fiind achizitionarea a trei patrimi din actiunile grupului Rompetrol de catre compania de stat KazMunaiGaz in anul 2007, urmata la doi ani distanta de preluarea restului de actiuni, ceea ce a condus la consolidarea celui mai important parteneriat comercial dintre tarile noastre si care inseamna acum o retea de benzinarii la nivel national, precum si operarea rafinariei Petromidia.

 

Conferinta Internationala : Kazahstan 20 de ani de Independenta. Prezidiu ( de la stanga la dreapta : prof.dr.Viorel Lefter , deputat Catalin Nechifor , Ambasadorul Kazahstanului in Romania-  Kairat Aman , Emil Constantinescu-presedinte al Romaniei , prof.dr.Anton Caragea , Presedintele Romaniei- Ion Iliescu ,prof.dr.Mircea Constantinescu.

 

Totusi, in pofida acestei investitii majore, relatiile economice nu au profitat de o serie de factori, cum ar fi existenta unor resurse importante de materii prime in statul kazah, posibilitatea utilizarii spatiului economic romanesc ca poarta de intrare in Uniunea Europeana, precum si alte conditii specifice favorizante pentru dezvoltarea de afaceri. Din punct de vedere politic, au existat vizite reciproce la nivel de presedinte al Romaniei si respectiv Kazahstanului, o serie de activitati la nivel parlamentar, precum si o buna cooperare in cadrul OSCE, in special in anul trecut, atunci cand Kazahstanul a detinut presedintia rotativa a acestui organism international. Tocmai de aceea, consider ca o dinamizare a relatiilor guvernamentale si parlamentare ar putea contribui la un nivel mai mare al schimburilor comerciale dintre cele doua state, dar si la aparitia unor investitii economice directe care sa puna in valoare oportunitatile create de actuala criza financiara. In mod direct, atat Romania cat si Kazahstanul pot juca un rol de poarta de intrare catre spatiul Uniunii Europene, in cazul nostru, respectiv catre Comunitatea Statelor Independente si Organizatia pentru Cooperare Shanghai, la care Kazahstanul este parte. Iata de ce, consolidarea unui pod generic intre statele noastre, ca o punte de legatura intre Est si Vest, intre Europa si Asia, ar trebui sa devina o preocupare prioritara a diplomatiei noastre. Nu in ultimul rand, ar trebui amintite conditiile militare existente in tarile noastre si in regiunile in care suntem prezenti. Spatiul NATO, la care Romania este parte, precum si parteneriatul strategic cu SUA, permit dezvoltarea de proiecte si actiuni comune, mai ales acum, cand presedintele SUA prezenta statul din centrul Asiei ca fiind un lider mondial pentru securitatea nucleara pe termen lung.

 

In final, as dori sa fac cateva consideratii referitoare la modul in care Kazahstanul a inteles sa joace in economia globala pe cartea dezvoltarii durabile. Avand avantajul unui stat nou creat, douazeci de ani in istoria moderna inseamna extrem de putin, Kazahstanul a reusit sa isi defineasca foarte clar obiectivele de crestere si de modernizare, plecand de la a intelege foarte precis care sunt avantajele, dar si care sunt riscurile economice, politice si geostrategice. Beneficiind de resurse minerale importante, majoritatea elemenelor din tabelul lui Mendeleev, avand si resurse generoase de petrol si gaze naturale, fiind situat la confluenta si intersectia unor culturi si popoare din zona eurasiatica, Kazahstanul a jucat pe cartea prelucrarii superioare a resurselor naturale, pe crearea unui nou drum al matasii care leaga China extremului Orient de Europa, dar si pe dezvoltarea regionala, a carei capodopera o constituie noua capitala, Astana.

 

Asadar, lectia kazaha ar trebui sa fie studiata si replicata in tari aflate in situatii poate mai favorabile din punct de vedere al contextului economic si social, asa cum este si tara noastra, care, consider ca inca nu si-a definit intr-o maniera categorica obiectivele de dezvoltare pe termen mediu si lung. Prin urmare, o mai buna apropiere si o colaborare mai stransa intre Romania si Kazahstan ar putea deschide calea unei noi abordari care sa finalizeze acest pod, deocamdata virtual, care ne poate lega si apropia.

 

Catalin Nechifor

Deputat, vicepresedinte al grupului de prietenie Romania - Kazahstan

 

KAIRAT AMAN: ROMANIA WAS THE FIRST COUNTRY TO RECOGNIZE KAZAKHSTAN


First of all, I would like to greet and welcome all participants who are present today. Particularly, I would like to give my best regards to our guests for the honor of attending this event.

 

His Excellency Kairat Aman presenting  welcoming statement for KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE. PEACE AND CREATION - International Conference. 

 

I am glad to share with you the celebration of a major historical moment of our nation- the 20th Anniversary of Independence of Kazakhstan!

On December 16 1991, the Constitutional Law on the Independence of the

Republic of Kazakhstan was adopted. It is a legal, political and ideological document outlining the basic principles of human rights and freedoms, property, political pluralism and separation of power. These fundamental provisions form the basis of the Constitution of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

All things considered, you may acknowledge the great significance of this day for all our citizens, as it has marked the end of an old stage alongside with the beginning of a new one in our national history. This entails a considerable turning point in Kazakhstan’s development, leading to the mature, independent state which the Republic of Kazakhstan is nowadays.

 

KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE - International Academic Conference hosted by H.E. President of Romania- Emil Constantinescu , H.E. President of Romania- Ion Iliescu , Prof.dr.Anton Caragea , H.E. Charge d`affairs of kazakhstan - Kairat Aman , Prof.dr.Viorel Lefter, Deputy Catalin Nechifor , Prof.dr. Mircea Constantinescu

 

To illustrate, I shall remind our guests of the large-scale of state reforms which has occurred for the last two decades, among which I shall mention the establishment of the two Chamber Parliament and the judicial system together with the construction of our new capital.

Furthermore, Kazakhstan voluntarily renounced the world's fourth largest nuclear arsenal and declared itself as a nuclear-free country.

In terms of Kazakhstan's foreign policy, primarily, the country has pursued a multi-vector diplomacy which represents the national interests as the cornerstone and allows strengthening economic and innovation base. Consequently, a large and fructuous work has been achieved. As an acknowledgement of our continuous development, more than 130 countries have officially recognized and established friendly diplomatic relations.

Kazakhstan is a full and active member of the UN, OSCE and other international organizations. It may be safely said that Kazakhstan has become well-known and recognized in the international arena.

Due to various geopolitical and geographical circumstances, in contrast to other post-Soviet countries, located closely to the European Union, Kazakhstan, an Eurasian country, has never had a choice between the West and the East. Never the less, the importance of the European direction of our diplomacy showed the rate of development and cooperation, both bilaterally and through multilateral diplomacy.

Among the most important accomplishments which prove the cooperation between Kazakhstan and the European countries was undoubtedly the country's OSCE Chairmanship. The organization of the summit in Astana, which joined together the Head of56 OSCE states and Government since 1999, was the climax of the Chairmanship. It is Kazakhstan’s merit in convening this important event by any means. An important factor in the dynamics of relations between Kazakhstan and the European Union remains the economic and trade ties. The EU is a major trading and investment partner of Kazakhstan, ahead of Russia and China. The EU accounts for almost half of Kazakhstan's foreign trade turn over and one-third of the accumulated foreign capital in the economy of Kazakhstan.

Given this context I would like to remind that warm and friendly relations in the framework of the partnership between Romania and Kazakhstan have been developed. For instance, I am glad to note that our investments in Romania currently amount to about U.S. $ 4 billion. These are the largest investments outside Kazakhstan. Furthermore, concerning the trade matters, only the first quarter of 2011 amounted to about U.S. $ 1.5 billion. To my mind, this is a good indicator of the level of bilateral relations. More over, we will always remember with gratitude the historical fact that Romania, after the 1989 revolution, in a period of turbulence and change, was the first European country which recognized the independence of our country.

 

 

 

KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE CELEBRATED BY ROMANIA

 

The year 2011 is marking the 20 years anniversary of Kazakhstan independence. In the short time span of only two decades Kazakhstan had succeeded an impressive transformation into a country that is today the main energy supplier from Central Asia, a renamed military and politic stability supplier for the area and a country with outstanding diplomatic results as the leader of Organization for security and Cooperation in Europe in 2010 and of Islamic conference Organization in 2011.

 

 

 

This seasoned and sophisticated nation building example will be under scrutiny by the Romanian intellectual elite on 15 November 2011 International Academic Conference: KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE. PEACE AND CONSTRUCTION.

The Conference hosted and organized by the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Kazakhstan Diplomatic Mission in Romania will benefit from the presence of President Ion Iliescu , who 20 years ago signed the diplomatic recognition of Kazakhstan and President Emil Constantinescu who developed Romania- Kazakhstan relationship.

 

President Ion Iliescu of Romania ( 1990-1996 , 2000-2004 ) speaking at OSCE 2010 -Kazakhstan Presidency.

 

Among the prestigious key note speakers we can count: Mr. Catalin Nechifor – Vice-President of Romania-Kazakhstan Parliamentary Friendship Group, Dr. Petru Lificiu, Vice-President of National Energy Agency (ANRE), Professor Dr. Anton Caragea- Director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and Professor Mircea Constantinescu – Director of European Council on International Relations etc.

 

President Emil Constantinescu of Romania ( 1996-2000 ) speaking at OSCE 2010 -Kazakhstan Presidency.

 

The International Academic Conference will also receive special congratulatory message from Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan H.E. Yerzhan Kazykhanov , message delivered by H.E Kairat Aman , Head of Kazakhstan Diplomatic Mission in Romania , other messages will be presented by the Vice-Rector of Romanian Economic Science Academy –Professor Dr. Viorel Lefter and by European Council on International Relations.

The International Academic Conference KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEAR OF INDEPENDENCE will highlight important moments in the development of Kazakhstan such as:

 

Professor Dr. Anton Caragea-co-organizer of OSCE 2010- Kazakhstan Presidency Conference

 

- The introduction in exploitation of new gas and oil fields and export of energy towards important areas as: Caucasus, Caspian Sea and Europe that transformed in a few years Kazakhstan in a major source of energy for the emerging economies of Asia and Europe.

- The courageous decision to dismantle the nuclear arsenal of former Soviet Union army left in the country and to relinquish the production and stockpiling of nuclear weapons, closing down the important Semipalatinsk nuclear research and test site.

- The declaration of acknowledging the independence and territorial integrity of Kazakhstan , signed by Russia , China , United States of America under the united Nations supervision.

Romanian stance in organizing an European high standard event about Kazakhstan it is not only a testimony not only of unprecedented development in the last years of the diplomatic and economic relationships between the two countries but also a testimony to Romania`s ability to efficiently mobilize and organize the European intellectual elite and to host international resounding events destined to boost the EU bridging towards Central Asia
.

 

KAZAKHSTAN 20 YEARS OF INDEPENDENCE. OFFICIAL PARTENERS

DIPLOMATIC PARTNERS / PARTENERI DIPLOMATICI

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